This fig tree is present in the South of Italy in the Lecce Province, Salento, where it is considered among the best variety both for its heavy breba and main crop production.

Cascitello is a quite demanding fig tree and must be planted in a well prepared soil in order to ensure that the plants grows strongly, otherwise there is a strong likelihood that Cascitello will produce tiny fruits of poor quality. One must not hesitate to move Cascitello somewhere else in the garden, if growth is insignificant.

On the other hand, when Cascitello is pleased with its location, the tree grows fast and usually produces breba and main crop fruits the very first year. The growth habit is erected and the leaves are light green.
The cold resistance is quite good, however, Cascitello requires a sheltered position (south facing) and some wind protection (house or wall).

The brebas fruit production is abundant, however the tree is sensitive to temperature variations in spring, which can make fruits drop. Due to the exceptional quality of this fig, and in order not to lose the entire crop, keeping the tree small (adequate trimming) helps protect the tree in case of cold nights.

As a matter of facts, as soon as night temperatures fall beneath 5°C, the use of a wooden removable sight break arranged around the tree plus a top cover made of wintering veil give good results. This protection must be removed as soon as the night temperature raises again.

The breba fruit is really rich and posseses a complex fruity savor. The fruit melts in the mouth, is honey-like with fruity organoleptic notes of banana and black mulberry plus something unique to Cascitello. The fruit skin is very thin and very sweet but when fully ripe, the fruit skin cracks which means that it is time to savor Cascitello. Heavy summer rains may wash away the high sugar rate.

The main crop fruits are very similar to the breba ones, though the fruits are somehow smaller, but sweeter. During a warm fall and even after some heavy rains, the sugar rate of the main crop remains high. The main crop is early.

In Lecce, the main crop may be caprified (pollinated) on purpose to produce dry figs. These fruits are of medium size, have crunchy seeds and are named “Schiavoni”.

However, when the main crop is not caprified, the fruits are used mainly for family consumption. These fruits are slightly smaller than the “Schiavoni” and are named “Canibianchi”. These are the only fruits that can be produced outside of the natural fig area.

Cascitello is somehow a capricious fig tree that may be difficult to settle down, which requires a light protection in spring in order to get a significant breba crop and which produces a regular, early and quite abundant main crop. The fruits have a delicate and unique perfume.

Under proper cultivation, this fig is an absolute winner.
General data
Origin Italy, Puglie
Synonym(s), local names Casciteddha, Cascella, Cascetta, Banegra, Colummo, Colombo, San Pietro, Schiavone, Schivone, Niuro, Canibianco, Canibianchi, Mario, Mariu, Napulitanu
Tree type Common
Crop Biferous
Tree morphological characteristics
Shape Erected
Vigor Medium
Ability to produce suckers Weak
Height after 10 years 250 cm
Width after 10 years 400 cm
Minimum width 400 cm
Branch morphological characteristics
Branch color Brown yellow
Caliber Medium
Buds Pinky
Leaves morphological characteristics
Leaves Average
Lobs 3-5
Depth Medium sinuses
Adaptation outside the Mediterranean area
Cold hardiness Good
Wind resistant Good
Pot culture Very good
Breba crop
Yield Good
Fruits dropping High fruit drop
Alternance Weak
Sensitivity to splitting Resistant
Crop begin date (day-month) Valleiry:25-07
External characteristics
Skin color Violet, orange
Skin thickness Very thin
Shape Pyriform flattened
Stalk Breaks off readily
Stalk shape Short and thick
Neck Short
Neck color Green, brown
Eye Big, opened
Eye color Green, brown-violet
Average weight (grams) 75 g - 90g
Internal characteristics
Pulp color Amber
Seeds Not felt
Organoleptic evaluation
Texture Melts in the mouth
Sugar Sweet
Taste Excellent
Perfume Strong
Organoleptic descriptors Fruity, Banana, Black Mulberry, Honey
Main crop
Yield Strong
Fruits dropping No fruit drop
Alternance None
Sensitivity to splitting Resistant
Crop begin date (day-month) Valleiry:04-09
External characteristics
Skin color Brown, red
Skin thickness Thin
Shape Turbinate
Stalk Breaks off readily
Stalk shape Short and thick
Neck Very short
Neck color Red
Eye Medium, opened
Eye color Brown, violet
Average weight (grams) 45 g
Internal characteristics
Pulp color Light strawberry
Seeds Felt, few
Organoleptic evaluation
Texture Melts in the mouth
Sugar Very sweet
Taste Excellent
Perfume Strong
Organoleptic descriptors Fruity, Black Mulberry, Dried fruits, Honey